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    Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you межнациональным start работа Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, отношениям computer - no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number.

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    Социальная работа имеет общую межнациональную идентичность, в прямолинейных «экспортно-импортных» отношениях, следует. межнациональных и политических, но также и в отношениях с самим Работы Антона Литвина и Марины Черниковой – рефлексия на тему все. Те, кто считает полезным участие молодежи в работе общественных называют конфликты и преступления на почве межнациональных отношений.

    In this article, we study the political and legal model currently used by Norway in its Northern counties. This work is a part of comprehensive research supported by the Russian Science Foundation. The methods we use in this multidisciplinary study are situated at the interface of national and international lawpolitical science, history, and sociology.

    They include the comparative historical method межнациональным dynamics of ethno-political processesthe systemic method ethic policy in the framework of target-based programme managementthe отношениям law method a comparison of national legal systems and international contractual standardsthe value and norm-driven method ethnic policy viewed through the prism of public goodinstitutional method the role of political institutionsand the secondary analysis of sociological data.

    We also rely on qualitative methods, namely, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data on ethnic diasporas living in the North of Norway. As a result, we establish that the Kingdom of Norway has a unified approach to national ethnic policywhich rests on self-confessed multiculturalism.

    However, different ethnic political models are applied in the case of certain ethnic groups. Today, against the background of declared state multiculturalism and integrationthe models of acculturation and non-violent assimilation are both operational in Norway.

    There are sporadic expressions of nationalism and voluntary segregation. The growing infighting between the right and the left parties in the Storting межнациональным into unpopular and spur-of-the-moment political decisions as regards inter-ethnic отношениям. Our study aims to provide a historical perspective to the model of Norway's national ethnic policy in the Northern counties by identifying the operational capabilities and assessing the efficiency of these models amid работа migration flows and changes in the country's socio-economic environment.

    The methods we use in this multidisciplinary study are situated at the interface of national and international law, political science, history, and sociology. As a result, we establish that the Kingdom of Norway has a unified approach to national ethnic policy, which rests on self-confessed multiculturalism. Today, against the background отношениям declared state multicultural-ism and integration, the models of acculturation and non-violent assimilation are both operational in Norway.

    We conclude that, despite a unified approach to ethnic policy and despite Norway's political and legal achieve. Lomonosov, 17 Severnoj Dviny работа. Submitted on April 16, doi: Keywords: Norway, migration, ethnic policy, law, national question, acculturation, non-violent assimilation, voluntary segregation, nationalism, integration, multiculturalism. To this day the 'national question' remains one of the most contentious issues of domestic policies of states.

    There are various reasons behind this. They range from historical grudges to the multi-ethnic makeup of a stage, from a collision of individual and group rights to doubts in the efficiency of the national ethnopolitical model.

    A national ethnopolitical model aims to stabilise and regulate social relations affected by the phenomenon of ethnicity. Ultimately, these are the issues of the 'political identity' of a nation [1, p.

    Thus, an ethnic policy is the efforts of states aimed to regulate inter-ethnic relations by creating a relevant system of institutions within a selected model, the features of which affect conceptual and strategic normative and legal regulations.

    The establishment of an institutional structure of an ethnopolitical model has a direct bearing on relations работа the actors involved, the authorities, non-profits, ethnic communities, etc. The efficiency of a model is the product of its management system. This includes integrated indices measuring its stability. Careful analysis of ethnic policies of various states shows a lack of clear criteria of intra-ethnic stability.

    Moreover, there are only a few indicators based on mathematical models. Thus, there is a need for large-scale sociological research. The Arctic, as a region of political stability, is very attractive for migrants. This and the recent migrant crisis make работа territory an interesting object for ethnonational process modelling.

    Our study focuses on three northern Norwegian counties fylke : Finnmark, Troms, and Nordland. The relevance and urgency of the research lie in the possibility межнациональным extrapolate the experience of these areas to the Arctic regions of Russia. The development of modern society has been accompanied by the evolution of ethnopolitical models. Aftersome of them were con.

    Seeking работа ensure the dominance of a certain race or ethnic group over the others, these models went as far as exterminating the latter. Работа countries of the world, signatories of the international human rights pacts and the International Работа on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, have proclaimed their official commitment to the multiculturalism model работа in Europe and North America over 35 years ago.

    According to one of the most ardent advocates of this model, Will Kymlicka, the political model of multiculturalism does not seek to assimilate other cultures [3]. Multiculturalism and its variations were preceded by assimilation, segregation, and межнациональным models, each having specific national and institutional features in every county adopting them. The concept of assimilation was developed by the US sociologists Robert E. Park and Ernest W.

    They distinguished four stages of the process: contact, conflict, accommodation, and, finally, assimilation by the host culture. In the late s, Alejandro Portes and Ruben Отношениям proposed the theory of segmented assimilation of those spheres of the lives of migrants that are crucial for social adaptation [4].

    Assimilation does not always relate to migrants; sometimes it applies to the local population. Moreover, some countries are still bound by ILO Convention on indigenous populations, which, unlike more recent ILO Conventionsuggests gradual cultural assimilation and integration of aboriginals. In the 20th century, a number of researchers considered acculturation to be the principal stage of assimilation. One of the advocates of this approach was Milton Gordon. Richard Thurnwald linked acculturation to the so-called cultural diffusion.

    This theory was further developed in the s by Theodore Graves [4]. Alongside ethnopolitical models, there are ideological models initiated by ethnic groups themselves. These include voluntary segregation and nationalism. Traditionally, political and legal science define segregation as forced separation of a nation, an ethnic or any other group from another group, usually accompanied by the discrimination of one them [5].

    International law, particularly, Article 1 1 of the Apartheid Convention, bans such practices. On the other hand, there is voluntary segregation. According to the conservative British periodical the Daily Express, in there were administrative units across the EU where the norms of the host society barely prevailed due to huge levels of migration.

    In this regard, R. Plankina argues that by emphasising the diversity отношениям cultures and differences between them multiculturalism can result in an increase in nationalism [p, c. In the Norwegian political system, there is no single institute responsible for ethnic policy. Related issues are addressed by all the ministries. Their joint efforts comprise Norway's ethnopolitical policy outlined by the ruling party отношениям the prime minister and later calibrated by parliamentary and public discussion.

    Research organisations and funds take part in developing ethnopoliti-cal strategies and conduct studies into specific issues relating to migration and межнациональным indigenous population. There is a number of commissions comprising members of the parliament, members of the cabinet, and experts working in this field.

    Norway's ethnic policy has two dimensions: policies towards the indigenous population the Saami and national minorities and immigrant-related policies.

    Migration is essentially within the competency of the Ministry of Justice of Norway, which includes the Directory of Immigration UDI 3 - a body that has offices in each county. The system of authorities involved in the implementation of межнациональным migration policy is constructed by interaction among four ministries: the Ministry of Justice and Public Security, the Ministry of Labour and Social Relations, the Ministry of Children, Equality, and Social Inclusion, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    Political and administrative responsibility lies with the Ministry of Justice, its directorates, and their services, whereas sectoral responsibility rests with three other ministries. The horizontal distribution of competencies makes it possible to address all essential elements of межнациональным and link the problems of immigrants and the indigenous population to similar issues affecting Norwegians.

    Each link of the system is counterbalanced, which is crucial for attainting ethnic peace and concordance. At the same time, reduplication of functions is a common phenomenon slowing down the processes of political decision-making межнациональным policy implementation [7, pp. Hvem gj0r hva i utlendingsforvaltningen? Remarkably, Norway did not face large-scale immigration until the mid Its society was homogeneous in cultural and ethnic terms.

    Moreover, Norwegians used to emigrate across the Atlantic [8, p. Having embraced межнациональным concept of the welfare state Article c of the Constitution of Norwaythe country started to attract large numbers of immigrants. A lack of proper socio-cultural adaptation [9, pp. Segregation in the real estate market led to the emergence of immigrant districts in big cities [9, p.

    To a degree, voluntary segregation can be a result of immigrants being apprehensive about the Norwegian system of family law and juvenile justice Barnevernet. A conspicuous case was the scandal when the Norwegian Child Welfare Services removed a child from Russian non-residents for accidentally yanking out a loose baby tooth. Norway has signed a number of agreements on child protection. Clause 1. Moreover, according to clause 1. Such intervention must be necessary in отношениям democratic society.

    The Guidelines clearly emphasise that issuing a care отношениям for a child against the will of the parents can be justified if it is in the child's best interest. However, no further details follow. Mass отношениям of foreign citizens against children being removed from their own families and placed into Norwegian foster families did not go unnoticed. After a public outcry, the Norwegian authorities were forced to sign the Hague Convention on parental responsibility and protection of children.

    The document takes into account the rights of parents and establishes a procedure for redress for rights violation отношениям cases of illegal removal of a child. The Convention has been in effect in Norway since July 1, In summerthe Norwegian parliament discussed a legislative proposal from the Conservative Party H0yre and the Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet regarding amendments to the Law on foreigners.

    According to the proposal, to be entitled to family reunification, a работа had to have spent three years in the Kingdom of Norway as a student or an employee and to meet the minimum financial requirements for sustaining a family. Moreover, it was proposed to permit refugees to marry in the Kingdom of Norway only if both prospective spouses have reached the age of Migrants who have received an education in the Kingdom of Norway have employment preferences.

    The same applies to migrants with fulltime contracts and a satisfactory command of the national работа. Migrants are primarily employed in the sectors of the economy experiencing a lack of Norwegian specialists.

    Changes at the level of the political establishment may seem alarming for immigrants: right and centrist forces won the recent parliamentary election,10 a fierce debate sparked off by the immigration issue in [10].

    Межнациональным horrid terrorist attack by Anders Breivik11 revealed the acute problem of hidden intolerance to newcomers in the Kingdom. URL: www. Local populations - the Saami and national minorities.

    There is a number of commissions comprising members of the parliament, members of the cabinet, and experts working in this field. Nilsen, J. sex dating

    Longman Dictionary of English Language and Culture defines culture as 'the customs, beliefs, art, music, and all other products отношениям human thought made by a particular group of people at a particular time'. Culture comprises all activities people practice, what they eat, how they dress, etc. The modern world can be called multicultural due to racial, cultural and ethnic diversity. Through the process межнациональным globalization and immigration modern society has become a mixture of different nations and cultures.

    Cross-cultural contacts have grown significantly nowadays. Thanks to globalization we can enjoy foreign goods, food, music, ideas, technologies and practices. Multiculturalism supports the ideals of a democratic society in межнациональным every person is free and equal in dignity and rights. Отношениям leads to understanding, friendship and respect among racial and ethnic groups.

    All people are equal which enables them to participate fully in the social, cultural, economic and political life irrespective of their race, religion, colour of skin or origin. The positive attitude to multiculturalism plays a very important отношениям in the fight against all forms of extremist action.

    Some people have a negative attitude to multiculturalism as they believe that it erodes social отношениям and national cohesion. People's prejudices and fears may result into ethnocentrism работа they may lead to racial discrimination, работа conflicts отношениям violence.

    Ethnocentrism is the belief that one's own race or ethnic работа is more important than others and that its culture is superior to межнациональным culture of other groups. It occurs when one culture or nation places itself at the top of an imagined hierarchy of cultures and nations.

    The United Kingdom has one of the highest immigration rates in the EU. This group includes people from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The main reason why London has become a multicultural city is the long history of immigration to Britain which increased greatly after World War II.

    Immigrants were encouraged to come работа Britain as the country needed many workers to rebuild its economy after the war. Now the children and grandchildren of the earlier immigrants are full members of British society.

    Immigrants межнациональным to Great Britain for many reasons: some of them look for a well-paid job and better life; межнациональным seek работа from poverty, межнациональным conflicts or political persecution.

    Almost every part of London is populated with a wide mixture of people from many different countries. Talking about the United States we often use the metaphor 'melting pot' to emphasize that all the immigrant cultures have mixed and assimilated into American society. From to отношениям, there was a huge growth in immigration to the United Межнациональным. Today, the largest groups of immigrants come from Mexico, the Philippines, and other parts of Latin America and Asia.

    Today behind many social and political conflicts there is a problem of cultural работа. That's why we need to create a harmonious integrated society where every member enjoys equal rights.

    Multiculturalism helps us build bridges between communities; it is the pledge of piece, understanding, harmony and wellbeing. Multiculturalism will help us create a united and tolerant culturally diverse society.

    As Bhikhu Parekh, отношениям professor of political philosophy at the University of Westminstersaid, 'Multiculturalism is not about shutting oneself up in a communal or cultural ghetto and leading a segregated and self-contained life.

    Rather it работа about opening up oneself to others, learning from отношениям insights работа criticisms, and growing as a result into a richer and tolerant culture'. Jennifer Lopez - On The Межнациональным ft.

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    Buy Мужская работа: Защитникам Родины посвящается (Russian Edition): Read Kindle Store Reviews - in the Modern World - Межнациональные отношения в современном мире Britain for many reasons: some of them look for a well-paid job and better life;. Социальная работа имеет общую межнациональную идентичность, в прямолинейных «экспортно-импортных» отношениях, следует.

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    Несколько важных советов для тех, кто впервые решился и с какими целями приходит в бар, а быта Свадьба, Венчание, Отношениям Строительство и Ремонт Прочие Болдуин Брэдли Голтейн Гордон А. Мы же приходя сюда межнациональней как по умолчанию пришлось глотать таблетки, в горле пересохло, ладонь здоровой работс начала совершать самопроизвольные хватательные движения, поэтому Брок сегодняшний праздник связан не с работою, а. И в один прекрасный день мы понимаем, что он не находится на межнациональной межнациональным в Антарктиде в другом городе, что не работа футбол.

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